Canine influenza (CI) is a highly contagious respiratory infection in dogs that is caused by an influenza A virus. In the United States, canine influenza has been caused by two influenza strains: H3N8 in 2004 and H3N2 in 2015; the H3N8 strain is closely related to horse flu and is thought to have mutated to produce canine strain while the H3N2 strain is believed to have resulted from the direct transfer from birds to dogs.
Uh, soo… what, exactly, is canine influenza?
It’s dog flu. You know how when you have the flu, you’re tired and gross and have a terrible cough? Dogs feel the same way when they contract canine influenza — all they want to do is rest and watch The Price Is Right.
Since March 2015, thousands of dogs have contracted H3N2 canine influenza across the country. Two clinical forms have been seen in dogs infected with it: mild form and severe form. Dogs who suffer from the mild form of dog flu develop a soft, moist cough and nasal discharge; they may sneeze, be lethargic, and have a reduced appetite. Dogs with the severe form develop high fevers, cough up blood, and have clinical signs of pneumonia, including increased respiratory rates.
While the percentage of dogs infected with canine influenza is rarely fatal, it’s important to monitor your dog for signs of the flu. Contact your vet immediately if you think your dog has contracted it so your vet can evaluate your dog and get her the help she needs. Once you’re home with your dog, monitor her temperature (the normal range for a dog’s temperature should be between 101 and 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit), provide prescribed meds (if any), and make sure she has plenty of water, food, and rest.
For the full story, go to the Source: Dog flu: what it is and how to prevent it – PolicyGenius